La International Political Sciences Association (IPSA) ha aprobado la presentación de la ponencia sometida por los profesores Arantxa Capdevila y Enric Castelló en la conferencia internacional que tendrá lugar en Granada bajo el título ‘Political Communication in Times of Crisis’ (12 y 13 de Septiembre de 2013). El trabajo presentará nuevos resultados en relación con el proyecto de investigación.
Metaphorical construction of the 11-S Catalan Independence Crisis in the Press
Arantxa Capdevila Gómez and Enric Castelló (Universitat Rovira i Virgili)
The independence demonstration which took place in Barcelona September 11 2012 (11-S) was a milestone in the on-going Catalan political crisis. Hundreds of thousands of people took the streets to demand a new state in Europe. This claim started with the Statute of Catalonia in 2006 and gathered momentum with the judgement of the Constitutional Court of Spain (2010) and has risen during the economic crisis. As well as any political process, several social and political groups support or reject Catalan independence and try to persuade the public opinion. The main arena in this operation is constituted by mass media, with a special role by the press.
Metaphor represents a potent rhetorical tool for all actors to shape the political minds of citizens (Lakoff, 2008), to communicate with their opponents through the media (Cammaerts, 2012) and to address persuasion in text (Ferrari, 2007). In short, we understand that the metaphor comes from the strategic definition of the political issues (Musolff, 2004) as well as from its assessment. In political crises, like this case, context has an important role to explain the metaphors used (Köller, 2004; Kövecses 2009, 2010; Musolff & Zinken, 2009; Semino, 2008; Stern 2010).
This work analyses how eight Spanish and Catalan newspapers covered the demonstration for the Catalan sovereignty in the 11-S. The authors studied a corpus of 917 excerpts from the newspapers during the two following days of the demonstration. The analysis concludes that the usage of metaphors about nature, and specifically “water-metaphors” contextualised the phenomenon in a different way according to the editorial line and the geographical region of the studied newspapers. It was also proved the usage of war, movement, (de)humanizing and performance metaphors to construct the discourses about the political action to develop from the demonstration.